The cash value of a capital asset at end of a specified period (typically set for replacement).
Bullish Sanpei (three parallel candlesticks / three soldiers) (see complex candlestick patterns)
This pattern is intented to singal either a trend reversal or the trend continuation. It consists of three white candlesticks of similar increments and size. It signifies a continuation of the trend.
Bearish Sanpei (three crows) (see complex candlestick patterns)
This pattern is intented to singal either a trend reversal or the trend continuation. It consists of three black candlesticks of similar increments and size. It signifies a continuation of the trend.
The idea behind the sanpo pattern is that no price movement moves straight up or down, there always exists some retracement before the movement makes a new high or low. Therefore this pattern is to indicate whether a trader should "pause" during the trend (a short term consolidation will occur with a direction opposite to that of the major trend). Bullish Formation is called the rising three methods and the bearish formation is called the falling three methods. (see complex candlestick patterns)
The sansen is a three day candlestick pattern. The first day consists of a long white candle, followed by a small gapped white candle and ends with a long black candle. This pattern is considered a bearish reversal. It is also known as the Three Rivers or The Three River Evening Star. (see complex candlestick patterns)
Similar to a triple top formation, the Sanzan (or three mountains) candlestick pattern has three peaks of all similar height. (see complex candlestick patterns)
The sashikomi candlestick is a alteration of the irikubi candlestick. This is where the white candle opens lower than the black candle\'s low, and closes at the daily high. This is considered a bearish signal. (see bearish candlesticks)
Indicators which attempt to gauge individual investor and/or professional attitudes toward the market. Monitoring the degree of optimism or pessimism present is a major tenet of technical analysis. Two examples are the amount of shorting being done and the number of advisory services which are bearish or bullish.
The total number of a company's publicly traded shares.
The market in which securities are traded after they have been issued by corporations. When a company sells a new issue of securities, the transaction is considered a "primary market transaction".
The collateral offered by a borrower to a lender to secure a loan.
Capital provided for a new and/or existing business venture by persons other than the proprietors.
Refers to the first contribution of capital toward the financing of a start-up business.
Volume action at the bottom of a price trough where there is a sharp drop in volume and then a quick rebound.
Used with buying pressure to calculate the price movement and volume direction for the Demand Index. Greater selling pressure will produce a negative DI and usually lower prices.
Developed and trade marked by Tom DeMark, this indicator helps identify market exhaustion (based on the premise that price reversals are the result of market exhaustion). See Report.
Typically, the closing price as established by the clearing house, used to determine gains, losses, margin calls, and invoice prices for actual deliveries.
Owner of one or more shares of stock in a corporation.
Represents the net assets of a corporation.
A shelf registration allows a company to prepare its registration materials but then delay making an offering of new securities for up to 2 years. The company can keep the registration \"on the shelf\" and go to market quickly as the need for new capital arises or as market conditions become favorable for an offering. For more information about shelf registrations and the requirements for delayed offerings, please see Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933. Please note that the SEC does not maintain or control the website that provides the text of the securities laws and rules.
Is a candlestick pattern. In the case of a shooting star, it is identical to the hoshi except it has a long upper shadow. It also signifies a \"wait and see\" situation.(see candlestick patterns)
Refers to the position when one has sold an interest in a security or commodity.
Position which in theory will increase in value if the underlying price falls.
Position that is held for a short period of time (swing or day trading) Opposite of a long position.
A great reference!
The practice of selling securities which you do not own at a higher price and buying them back for the owner at a lower price.
Technical indicators generate various types of signals based on such events as the crossing of two lines, a line crossing an important threshold, or a particular pattern such as divergence between the price and the indicator. These events may provide an early warning of a price move and often provide investors with specific buy and sell signals.
Simple Moving Average
A simple moving average gives equal weight to each day's price. See also exponential moving average.
A sinking fund is method of repaying a bond in which the borrower sets money aside with a trustee, when the bond comes due the trustee will use those funds to purchase some of the bonds on the open market and then retire those purchased bonds. This adds safety for the investor since when the bond comes due the maturity payment will be smaller. Companies that issue sinking fund bonds typically include an interest rate risk provision (when the bonds mature the company can then replace those bonds with lower yield bonds).
The difference between estimated transaction costs and actual transaction costs.
A fund will no longer accept new investors into the fund, however existing shareholders can continue to contribute.
Is when an organization or company is able to meet it's obligations as they come due.
A trader who strives to anticipate price movement. Unlike a hedger, a speculator does not use the market to predict future prices.
Speed Resistance Lines or Speedlines
Developed by Edson Gould, are a variation on the idea of dividing the trend into thirds. The main difference from the percentage retracement is that speedlines measure the rate of ascent or descent - or \"speed\" - of a trend as it develops. See Report.
The difference in prices or yields, often between the bid and offer rates. Commonly referred to as the bid-ask spread. When pricing interest rate swaps, the floating leg will be quoted as a spread above / below Libor or some similar rate.
Straddling buys and sells at the same time to take advantage of a profit on the difference. There is less risk and less profit in this type of trading.
A statistical concept, providing a reliable measure of volatility or how much the price varies from its simple moving average. A high standard deviation implies high volatility and a low standard deviation implies low volatility. See report.
The percentage change likely to occur in a future contract's price over a one-year period.
A momentum oscillator warning of overbought/oversold situations often well ahead of the final turning point. When a stock is rising it tends to close near the high (above the 80% line) and when a stock is falling it tends to close near its low (below the 20% line). These "trigger" lines form the stochastic bands and a signal is generated when these lines are crossed. See Report
A crime in which securities investing or trading laws have been violated. Stock fraud encompasses many things including stocks, bonds, commodities and other investments. Stock fraud is illegal and can be described as deceptive practices in the stock and commodity markets. Stock fraud occurs when investors are enticed to buy securities based upon false statements or records. Stock fraud includes providing false information on a companies financial statement, profit and loss statements, SEC filings, lying to an auditor, stock manipulation schemes, insider trading, and embezzlement. Stock fraud is otherwise known as securities fraud.
An order used to exit a position in order to prevent losses or "lock in" (protect) profits. Also referred to as a protective stop.
Either long or short, both a Put and a Call, with the same strike price and the same expiration month.
A bond having a claim on assets only after the senior debt has been paid off in the event of liquidation.
The price level or zone beneath the current price range, where combined buying power is sufficient to halt a further price decline. Also see Resistance and Trendlines.
Swap or Interest Rate Derivative is an exchange of cashflows between two parties. The cash flows are based on the interest payments made on a nominal sum known as the principal. The interest payments can be made at different rates, can be fixed or floating and can be made at different frequencies. A vanilla (or plain) swap normally involves exchanging fixed and floating rate payments on the same currency.
Developed by Welles Wilder, the Swing Index is a strength/trend indicator for short term swings. The Swing Index gives one numerical value that always falls between +100 and -100, while incorporating current and previous opening and closing prices and true range in its complex calculation. The Swing Index alone doesn\'t provide much in the way of signals and should be used in conjunction with the Accumulative Swing Index. See Report.
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