The odd lot buy/sell ratio is equal to the amount of odd lot buying divided by the amount of odd lot selling over a specific period of time. The ratio indicates small-investor sentiment, if there is more buying (a value greater than 1) then the small-investor sentiment is positive, is there is more selling (a value of less than 1) then the small investor sentiment is negative.
See odd-lot theory
Odd lot theory was based on the idea that small investors typically traded in odd lots. By dividing the amount of odd lot buying by the amount of odd lot selling over a specific period of time they created the odd lot buy/sell ratio. By charting the values over time, they could base decisions on whether there was more buying or selling pressure (ie: positive or negative sentiment). The theory has largely declined in popularity and still remains largely unproven.
See odd lot buy/sell ratio
The OTC or Over the Counter options are constructed specifically to meet certain financial requirements. A single OTC option will often only be traded once. This is in direct contrast to exchange traded options which are more liquid.
Offer Price (ask price)
The price a buyer is willing to pay ( the price they will offer to buy the instrument from you ). See also Bid Price.
OTC or Over the Counter options are constructed specifically to meet certain financial requirements. A single OTC option will often only be traded once. This is in direct contrast to exchange traded options which are more liquid.
On-Balance Volume (OBV) Indicator
Weighted sum of volume used to quantify buying or selling pressure to either confirm the current price trend or warn of a possible reversal. See Report.
Price of a stock or issue when the market opens for trading.
Total number of outstanding contracts in a market at the end of any trading day. Open interest is a measure of market liquidity, the more outstanding contracts, the easier it is to get in and out of the market.
Operating costs refer to the total value of all expenses/costs involved in the operation of the business over a specific time period (example: daily operating costs, monthly operating costs, etc.).
An operating expense refers to an expense that is required for the normal operation of a business. For example: rent, lights, etc.
Operating interest is a term that is mainly used in the oil and gas industry. The operating interest refers to the lessee, company or working interest owner who bears the leasing, drilling and operating costs of a well.
See working interest
A lease where the risks, benefits and ownership, stays with the lessor.
An operating loss occurs when a company's operating costs are higher than the pre-tax earnings.
The operating margin is equal to the operating income (EBIT) divided by the total revenue. This is a ratio of how efficient a company is in producing and selling their good or service. A company with a lower fixed cost and a larger operating margin has more flexibility in pricing strategies and has a better chance of sustaining profit during poor market conditions than a company with a higher fixed cost and lower operating margin. It is extremely important when using operating margin, that it is intended to be compared to like businesses since it is a ratio that represents management\'s ability to produce profit from a specific business.
Also known as operating income or EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes)
An operating ratio is equal to the operating expenses divided by the operating revenue. The operating ratio is intended to measure operating efficiency. There are several key weaknesses of the operating ratio which are that it does not take into account interest expenses, taxes, debt, expansion and equity. In general, the smaller the value the greater the company's ability to generate profit and can sustain itself better in poor market conditions. When using the operating ratio, it is important to only compare companies that are in the same business.
Operating revenue is the total value of all income (example: sales, etc.) from the operations of the company over a period of time (daily operating revenue, yearly operating revenue, etc.).
Any financial instrument who's price is based on or derived from the price of another financial instrument. Options can be categorized by the type of instrument they are based on - Equity Derivatives, Bond Options, and Interest Rate Derivatives.
An optionable stock is a stock on which listed options can be traded.
An orphan stock is a stock which has largely been ignored, typically orphaned stocks are small and/or their sector is out of favour.
Compares a stock's closing price with to its price range over a given time period to indicate whether it is overbought or oversold. Overbought: is a term for a market where prices have risen too high, too fast for its fundamental value; which is therefore susceptible to a selloff. Oversold: is a term for a market in which prices have dropped too low, too fast considering its fundamental value; which is therefore due for an increase in price.
Outperform is a rating given to stocks by analysis. A stock that is rated to outperform means that the stock is anticipated (not guaranteed) to grow/gain more than it's sector (or the average company in that sector). For example: if company is in sector, and the sector is up 200%, to outperform that sector the company will have to grow more than 200%. (IE: it is anticipated to outperform the sector expectations). Opposite of under perform
A condition where the security appears to be over valued and may reverse in trend. This term is commonly used in momentum/strength indicators like RSI and Stochastics
A condition where the security appears to be under valued and may reverse in trend. This term is commonly used in momentum/strength indicators like RSI and Stochastics
A recommendation system used by firms such as JP Morgan use this term as a ranking/evalutaion. If a stock is listed as overweight, it is a \"buy\" recommendation for the sector, asset class, or market.
JP Morgan\'s definition is as follows: \"The stock\'s total return is expected to exceed the average total return of the analyst\'s industry (or industry team\'s) coverage universe, on a risk-adjusted basis, over the next 12-18 months.\"
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